Apollonia produced coins during the first three centuries B.C. Except from the Pegasus-type Corinthian pieces the characteristic coins of Apollonia show devices originating from Corcyra: the cow with suckling calf on the obverse and a symmetrical geometrical pattern on the reverse, beginning with the staters. The longer, better known drachm series was minted from the end of the 3rd c B.C. until the mid-1st c. under Roman protectorate. The coin hereunder is a typical silver drachm from Apollonia around 64 B.C. Various and town-specific bronze coins were also produced. A large number of cow-calf type drachms from the last phase of their production is found in the North-East Balkan area causing much speculation about the role of Apollonis in these territories. Following the drachm series and now under direct Roman rule only Apollonia continued minting silver pieces in the weight of the Roman denarius with head of Apollo on the obverse and three dancing nymphs on the reverse for a few decades in the second half of the first c. B.C. and much later Roman provincial bronze issues from time to time.

Most probably from the early years of Caesars sole rule, Apollonia produced silver coins in the weight of the Roman republican denarius (around 4 g) with head of Apollo on the obverse and three nymphs dancing around the fire of the Nymphaeum on the reverse. The production of the denars and fractions was most probably abandoned by the full integration of the area in the Roman empire, still in the last decades of the 1st c BC. The legends (magistrates' names) on both sides are in Greek. The obverse shows one, sometimes even two names in the genitive case. The reverse displays at least on name in the nominative case and on some one or oven two more in the genitive case. Based on the number of different name combinations, around forty different denar types have been registered. On the assumption that the name on the obverse in the genitive case would represent the eponymous magistrate, one can calculate with around twenty five years of production. Half and quarter units are also known, with different devices. Half denars show the helmeted head of Pallas Athena on the obverse with a magistrate name in the genitive case and obelisk on the reverse. The quarter denar has a lyre on the obverse and an obelisk on the reverse, with the similar arrangement of the ethnic attribute and names.


Worldwide © 2014 ORNELA DURMISHAJ. All rights reserved.